What he has done for Russia

A physicist

“He was a part of the department of Wave Propagation, Faculty of Radio physics, that has been established by me. He was also a postgraduate researcher alongside with the two of my postgraduates: his uncle – Eidman, and Denisov. He is a really talented physicist, with a decent amount of scholarly works”. – Academician V.L. Ginzburg.

  • Boris graduated from school № 11 of the Prioksky district in the city of Gorky (currently Nizhny Novgorod) with a gold medal. In 1976 he joined
    The faculty of Radio physics of the Lobachevsky State University of Gorky, from which he graduated with honours.
  • He worked part-time as a tutor in Mathematics, Physics and English.
  • Worked with research institutes, addressed the issues in the areas of plasma physics, acoustics and hydrodynamics.
  • In 1985 with V.V. Kurin, he co-authored the article “Precursor and side waves upon reflection of pulses from the interface between two environments”, while he was working at the Radiophysical Research Institute (NIRFI).
  • Aged 25, he defended his dissertation and qualified as a PhD in Physics and Mathematics (topic: “Coherent effects of interaction of moving sources with radiation”).
  • Boris Nemtsov was the author of over 60 academic publications related to quantum physics, thermodynamics and acoustics. Among his inventions – an acoustic laser and certain amendments of the design of antennas for spaceships (Nemtsov’s invention eliminated communication interference during the ship’s atmospheric entry).
  • His last scientific article was published when he was already a Deputy Prime Minister.
Andrei Sakharov gives an interview to Boris Nemtsov for the newspaper Leninskaya Shmena. Gorky, 1988

Governor (1991-1997)

  • The youngest governor in the Russian history (31 years old at the time of appointment).
  • During his governorship, the following programs were implemented: “Roads and temples”, “Gifted children”, “People’s phone”, “Meter by meter” (housing program for military personnel), “Fair”, “Construction of processing industry enterprises”, “Gasification of villages”, “Land reform of the Nizhny Novgorod region”.
  • In 1993, the airport “Strigino” of Nizhny Novgorod received the status of international.
  • During Nemtsov’s governorship, 5000 km of roads were built in the Nizhny Novgorod region.
  • In 1996, the Nizhny Novgorod region became the third most funded region in Russia – 62.7 million dollars and 153 billion rubles were invested in it in 9 months.
  • In the beginning of 1996, one of the Nemtsov’s initiative was signed by a million of people of the Nizhny Novgorod region for the withdrawal of Russian troops from Chechnya. On January 29 of 1996, the signatures handed over to Yeltsin by Nemtsov himself.
  • In March 1995, at his initiative, territorial production zones with preferential taxation were created at the Nizhny Novgorod conversion enterprises – JSC “Plant n.a. G.I. Petrovskiy”, JSC “Sormovskiy plant “Lazur” and RPE “Salut”. More than 40 enterprises became their participants, which invested about 53 billion rubles and created more than 1.1 thousand new workplaces.
  • More than 150 Orthodox churches and monasteries were built and restored in the region, alongside with dozens of Old Believer sketes and several mosques. For this, Boris Nemtsov was awarded the Order of Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow, I class, which was presented to him by the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II.
NIZHNY NOVGOROD, RUSSIA. Margaret Thatcher (R) seen during the visit. Nizhi Novgorod Region governor Boris Nemtsov standing next to her. (Photo ITAR-TASS / Nikolai Moshkov)

Deputy Prime Minister (1997-1998)

Fight against loans-for-shares auctions

Oligarchs Berezovskiy and Gusinskiy wanted to seize a large company “Svyazinvest” through a fake loans-for-shares auction. Nemtsov was the only reason it didn’t happen.

Fight for “Gazprom”

1997 – Nemtsov is a Deputy Premier, Minister of Fuel and Energy and State Representative in JSC “Gazprom”. Berezovskiy approached him with a draft government decree appointing him (Berezovskiy) as a chairman of the board of directors of “Gazprom”. The decree had already had the signatures of Chernomyrdin and Vyakhirev; only Nemtsov’s signature was required for approval, but he refused to sign. It was Nemtsov who convinced Yeltsin to break the predatory trust agreement, according to which, Vyakhirev wanted to acquire a controlling stake in the company for a ridiculous price (much less than the real one).

Issue pensions at the cost of career

1998, when oil costed $10, teachers had not being paid both salaries and pensions for 4-5 months. Yeltsin summoned the newly appointed Deputy Premier Nemtsov and said in front of the cameras: ‘You do whatever you want, but pensions and salaries have to be paid by July 1’. Essentially, Nemtsov had to pay back what Yeltsin saved up. Boris found a billion rubles of unpaid taxes by “Gazprom” and paid off all the debts to citizens with this money. However, by taking the money from the oligarchs, Nemtsov has made dangerous enemies in the face of them.

Defended the Kuril Islands

History also knows such an amazing fact. For the first and last time in his life Boris Nemtsov kneeled down before another man for the sake of the country and its integrity – when Yeltsin almost gave the Kuril Islands to Japan…

First Deputy Prime Minister Boris Nemtsov Visit to Samara

Deputy of the Yaroslavl Regional Duma

“I am ready to discuss any cuts in benefits and other sorts of abuse towards the people, only after the officials themselves tighten their belts and cut their own spendings” – B.Y. Nemtsov

  • Boris insisted on double- checking the inflated prices for expensive drugs for cancer patients purchased with budget money. An inspection of the Chamber of Control and Accounts was appointed. As a result, the grandiose scandal about corruption and multi-million dollar embezzlement broke out, in which a Deputy Governor Alexander Senin and his wife, Regional Healthcare Director Sergei Vunderval and his relatives were involved. Loud resignations followed. And the connection has been made between the incident and the governor of the region Yastrebov and his daughter…
  • He has been insisting on closing the government’s car fleet, cutting officials’ and deputies’ salaries and costs for the “court” (pro-government propaganda) media.
  • Boris spent all his deputy’s salary on building sports grounds in Yaroslavl schools. He personally visited the opening of each and every one of them: primarily to communicate with children and arrange small competitions. In 5 years, he wanted to equip all schools of Yaroslavl with sports grounds. Almost two dozen down…
  • Nemtsov was deeply involved in the law-making process – he himself has made a package of anti-corruption laws. In mid-October 2014, he officially introduced them to the Duma.
  • After six months of Nemtsov’s consistent attempts to get a decree obliging to publish information about the meetings of the commission for the settlement of conflicts of interest signed, it has been signed by the Governor after all.
  • During his last visit to Yaroslavl, Nemtsov presented his anti-crisis plan for the Yaroslavl region to his supporters. This plan became some sort of generalization of all his work as a deputy of the regional Duma. It dealt with both budgetary and political issues – the resignation of the governor, the abolition of censorship in the media and a thorough investigation of corruption crimes.
Boris Nemtsov before a meeting of the Yaroslavl Regional Duma. December 2014. / Photo by Sergey Belyakov

State awards of Boris Y. Nemtsov

Medal of the Order “For Merit to the Fatherland”, II class

Awarded to citizens of the Russian Federation for outstanding achievements in various fields of industry, construction, science, education, health, culture, transport and other areas of work. Established by decree of the President of the Russian Federation of March 2, 1994 № 442.
Awarded to Boris Nemtsov on March 10, 1995.

Medal “For Strengthening the Combat Commonwealth”

Departmental medal of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, established by order of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation № 123 of March 27, 1995. The medal was awarded to servicemen and civilians of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, and in some cases – other citizens of the Russian Federation and foreign citizens for merits in strengthening the military community and military cooperation with friendly states.
Awarded to Boris Nemtsov in 2001.

An honourable badge of the Legislative Assembly of the Nizhny Novgorod Region “For Merit”

The badge is awarded to citizens of the Russian Federation for their significant contribution to the development of the legislation of the Nizhny Novgorod region and (or) for many years of fruitful work in the Legislative Assembly of the Nizhny Novgorod region, other state authorities (state bodies) of the Nizhny Novgorod region. Boris Nemtsov was the governor of the Nizhny Novgorod region from 1991 to 1997.
Awarded to Boris Nemtsov on March 26, 2009.

Order of Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow, I class

Established by the decision of the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Pimen and the Holy Synod of December 28, 1988. The order was established to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the Baptism of Rus. The award is made for merits in the revival of the spiritual life of Russia.
Awarded to Boris Nemtsov in 1996.

Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, V class

In 2006, Russia presented awards for figures from the CIS countries.
Awarded to Boris Nemtsov on August 19, 2006 during the period of peaceful relations between Russia and Ukraine, for a significant personal contribution to the development of international cooperation, strengthening the authority and positive image of Ukraine in the world, popularizing its historical and modern achievements.

Order of Liberty (posthumously)

The highest order of Ukraine, which can be awarded to foreigners and stateless persons.
Boris Nemtsov was awarded posthumously, on March 2, 2015, “For outstanding personal services in the development of democracy, defense of constitutional rights and freedoms of people and citizens, selfless social and political activity.”

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